Apple Refreshes iPad Pro Lineup: A10X Fusion SoC for 10.5-inch, 12.9-inch Modelsby Matt Humrick on June 6, 2017 6:00 PM EST
In addition to showing off its latest OS and software updates, Apple made several hardware announcements at WWDC 2017, including a refreshed iPad Pro lineup. The smaller of the two Pros ditches the 9.7-inch screen, which dates all the way back to the original iPad, for a 10.5-inch panel that fits into a chassis only 10.6mm (0.42”) taller and 4.6mm (0.18”) wider than the outgoing model thanks to smaller bezels. The expanded all-aluminum chassis increases weight by 7% or 32 grams, just enough to notice if you’re familiar with one of the recent models. The larger 12.9-inch Pro—first released at the end of 2015—finally gets some attention too. After missing out on the new hardware introduced with the 9.7-inch iPad Pro last year, the big Pro has been brought up to parity with the new 10.5-inch Pro.
Both the 10.5-inch and 12.9-inch LCD panels are new for this generation and share the same specifications. The 264ppi panels can display more vivid and lifelike colors by extending color coverage well beyond the sRGB standard with DCI-P3 gamut support. And because iOS supports ColorSync, Apple’s color management system, the Pros’ wide-gamut panels maintain color accuracy by respecting the source material’s target gamut (no overly-vivid, neon colors when viewing sRGB content, for example).
Both models also support Apple’s True Tone display technology that adjusts the display’s white point based on ambient light. The idea here is for the screen to replicate what happens to a white sheet of paper under different lighting conditions. If you read a printed book in an incandescent bulb’s warm light, the page will reflect that light and appear warmer, more yellow. True Tone does the same thing, reducing the LCD’s blue output and shifting the white point to appear warmer. Matching the display’s output to its environment is supposed to reduce eye strain, but True Tone can be disabled if it’s not to your liking.
Apple claims both displays can hit 600 nits peak brightness, which is impressive for tablets. We previously measured the 9.7-inch iPad Pro at 520 nits and the 12.9-inch iPad Pro at 427 nits, so this should bring a noticeable visibility improvement in bright light, especially for the big Pro. Both panels are also fully laminated to the cover glass and use an improved antireflective coating to further improve visibility and diminish eye strain by reducing screen reflections. The improved coating was first used on the 9.7-inch iPad Pro, and after comparing it side by side with the iPad Air 2, I was really impressed with how well it works.
|Apple iPad Pro Comparison|
|iPad Pro 10.5"
|iPad Pro 12.9"
|iPad Pro 9.7"
|iPad Pro 12.9"
|SoC||Apple A10X Fusion
3x Apple performance cores
3x Apple efficiency cores
12 core GPU
2x Apple Twister @ ~2.2GHz
PowerVR 12 Cluster Series7XT
|Display||10.5-inch 2224x1668 IPS LCD
|12.9-inch 2732x2048 IPS LCD
|9.7-inch 2048x1536 IPS LCD
|12.9-inch 2732x2048 IPS LCD
|Dimensions||250.6 x 174.1 x 6.1 mm
469 / 477 grams (WiFi / LTE)
|305.7 x 220.6 x 6.9 mm
677 / 692 grams (WiFi / LTE)
|240.0 x 169.5 x 6.1 mm
437 / 444 grams (WiFi / LTE)
|305.7 x 220.6 x 6.9 mm
713 / 723 grams (WiFi / LTE)
|RAM||?||4GB LPDDR4||2GB LPDDR4||4GB LPDDR4|
|NAND||All: 64GB / 256GB / 512 GB||All:
32GB / 128GB / 256GB
32GB / 128GB / 256GB
WiFi + Cellular:
128GB / 256GB
|Battery||30.4 Wh||41.0 Wh||27.5 Wh||38.5 Wh|
|Front Camera||7MP, f/2.2, Auto HDR, Wide Color Gamut, Retina Flash||5MP, f/2.2||1.2MP, f/2.2|
|Rear Camera||12MP, 1.22µm pixels, f/1.8, PDAF, OIS, Auto HDR, Wide Color Gamut, True Tone Quad-LED flash||12MP, 1.22µm pixels, f/2.2, True Tone LED flash||8MP, 1.1µm pixels, f/2.4|
|Cellular||2G / 3G / 4G LTE (Category 9)||2G / 3G / 4G LTE (Category 4)|
|Wireless||802.11a/b/g/n/ac 2x2 MIMO, BT 4.2 LE, GPS/GLONASS||802.11a/b/g/n/ac 2x2 MIMO, BT 4.2 LE, GPS/GLONASS|
|Connectivity||Apple Lightning, 3.5mm headphone, Apple Smart Connector||Apple Lightning, 3.5mm headphone, Apple Smart Connector|
|Launch OS||iOS 10||iOS 9|
Wi-Fi + LTE:
Wi-Fi + LTE:
$1079 (256GB LTE)
Before we move on to other hardware, it’s worth mentioning that Apple is using an adaptive refresh rate on the new Pros, a technology it calls ProMotion. The standard refresh rate doubles from 60Hz to 120Hz, which should help UI animations appear more fluid. It also reduces the Apple Pencil’s latency, making inking smoother with less lag. Driving a panel at 120Hz increases power consumption (panel and SoC), however. To help reduce the impact on battery life, the refresh rate is adjusted down to 24Hz or 48Hz when displaying content that would not benefit from the faster refresh, such as reading an ebook or Web page, for example.
Under the display is an Apple A10X Fusion SoC that comes with additional CPU and GPU cores compared to the A10 Fusion SoC used in the iPhone 7. Instead of 2 performance CPU cores and 2 efficiency cores, the A10X Fusion uses 3 of each. It also doubles the number of GPU cores, which makes sense considering it needs to drive a lot more pixels at a higher refresh rate. Apple claims a 30% improvement in CPU performance and a 40% faster GPU compared to the Apple A9X SoC used in the previous generation.
It’s still not clear how much RAM the new Pros have. It’s probably safe to assume that the 12.9-inch model still comes with 4GB, but does the 10.5-inch model stick with 2GB like the 9.7-inch Pro? Considering all of the new multitasking features and visual elements in iOS 10/11, a bump to 4GB is certainly justified, although, Apple tends to be frugal with RAM.
Internal storage capacity doubles, with the least-expensive models packing 64GB of NAND. The next two storage tiers jump to 256GB and 512GB, which makes these iPads a bit more competitive with other ultraportable devices targeted at professionals. The extra space is also essential if you plan to use an iPad for less ‘Pro’ purposes such as watching TV shows or movies, which eat up space quickly.
The cameras on iPads have always seemed like an afterthought, with Apple using iPhone leftovers a generation or two old. Because tablets typically are not the first device people reach for when shooting photos and video, camera hardware is an obvious place to save money. This is not the case with the new iPad Pros, however, which receive the biggest camera upgrade since Apple first added cameras to the iPad 2. Both the front and rear camera modules are shared with the iPhone 7. That means a 7MP FaceTime HD camera on the front that supports automatic HDR imaging, wide color gamut photos, and 1080p video recording. You can also use the iPad’s display as a flash. Around back is a 12MP camera with 1.22µm pixels, OIS, Focus Pixels (PDAF), a 6-element lens array with a large f/1.8 aperture, and a quad-LED True Tone flash. It also supports automatic HDR imaging and wide color gamut photos and uses OIS and EIS for stabilizing video.
The new Pros come with 802.11ac 2x2 MIMO Wi-Fi that offers a peak theoretical throughput of 866Mbps. Like previous iPads, there’s Wi-Fi only and Wi-Fi + LTE cellular variants. The cellular-enabled models get a new Category 9 LTE modem with up to 450Mbps on the downlink. There’s also support for 25 LTE bands and an embedded Apple SIM.
The new iPad Pros look like, well…iPads. The aluminum shell is visually indistinguishable from earlier models and still has a Lightning connector on the bottom, a 3.5mm headphone jack and power button in opposite corners at the top, volume buttons on one side, and an Apple Smart Connector on the other. The proprietary Smart Connector transfers both data and power to optional peripherals such as external keyboards. There are also 4 speakers—2 on the top and 2 on the bottom—that provide better sound than the mono speakers on older iPads and are less prone to being covered by your hands when holding it in landscape mode.
The 12.9-inch Pro looks the same as the previous version from the front, while the 10.5-inch Pro has noticeably narrower bezels along the sides of the display. The physical home button includes an upgraded Touch ID sensor (same as iPhone 7) that’s 2x faster.
Both the 10.5-inch and 12.9-inch iPad Pros are available for preorder and will begin shipping mid June. Unlike the iPhone 7, Apple is not offering any new color choices for the iPads, so we get the familiar Silver, Space Gray, Gold, and Rose Gold. The Apple Pencil can be purchased separately for $99, and Apple offers its Smart Keyboard for $159 and $169 for 10.5- and 12.9-inch models, respectively.
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lucam - Thursday, June 8, 2017 - linkI tend to agree. However since the situation between IMG and Apple hasn’t been settled yet, it’s hard to believe that IMG will license the latest PowerVR Furian to Apple. That is for obvious reasons: IMG doesn’t want to disclose any new IP architecture to Apple since the latter is moving away from IMG in the next 15-24 months.
This means the future A11 will either have a latest variation of Series 7XT in a Apple customized way (and I don’t think it can be any better than current A10, unless they increase number of GPU cores) or they will have their new Apple GPU.
damianrobertjones - Wednesday, June 7, 2017 - linkI love how Apple dropped the amount of cores for the first pro then, obviously, raised them for the new pro. Marketing baby = $$$$$$
Plus far too expensive for what they are.
darwinosx - Wednesday, June 7, 2017 - linkGo buy a pie of junk Samsung tablet then come back and tell us how the iPad is too expensive.
melgross - Wednesday, June 7, 2017 - linkDefinitely not too expensive for what they are. The Surface Pro is definitely too expensive for what they are.
The core counts have a technical bent to them, and not a marketing bent. The went to 3 cores for the A8x because of a new process. The went back to more powerful cores for the A9, on the same process, and 2 cores. Now, a new process again, and 3 cores again. They might go back to 2 cores next year, unless they find 3 cores to be of some benefit.
But going to 4 cores as with other manufacturers is certainly marketing, particularly when they use Big/Little cores all at once, and claim 8 cores, which is ridiculous. There are good reasons why Apple's SoC is so far anead of every other SoC.
id4andrei - Wednesday, June 7, 2017 - linkThe Surface Pro is actually a good deal. Hybrids have always charged more simply for the form factor. This dates back tot he swivel design of convertible notebooks.
melgross - Thursday, June 8, 2017 - linkThe Surface is just a flat Windows computer. It doesn't work like a real tablet. You still need a stylus for everything, and you really do need the keyboard. The software is regular Desktop Windows software. If that's what you want, then great, but as a tablet, it's terrible. Windows is just not a good OS for tablets, it really does need a much larger screen for that.
And because it is what it is, it's too expensive. The $799 model isn't very usable - it's in the line so that Microsoft can say:Starts at $799. But you almost never see it tested, because performance is bad.
So the realistic cheapest really usable model is $999, and yes, for most Windows things, you need the $129 to $149 keyboard. So we're talking over $1,100 entry price. That's way too much for an entry price tablet. It's also one big reason why Microsoft has never sold more than a small number each year despite Microsoft partisans stating how well itas doing. They never sold more than Bout 3.5 million a year, and that number may be too high. Now sales dropped over 25%, so they can't claim sales are growing while iPad sales are shrinking.
id4andrei - Thursday, June 8, 2017 - linkThis very site had a good review on the fanless SP4. The cooling system especially received praise as the SP4 reaches throttle threshold much later after the Macbook 12 which it is in fact a much, much poorer deal than the Surface. Weak on performance, weak on cooling, weak on connectivity, weak on input.
id4andrei - Thursday, June 8, 2017 - linkInterface is surprisingly workable with fingers, tablet mode works pretty well. Store apps are slowly starting to improve.
Ironically, due to developers adhering to guidelines on macos, Apple would face a smaller struggle to create a tablet interface where it would scale the average app GUI. It would be much easier for Apple to "tablet-ify" macos.
LiverpoolFC5903 - Monday, June 12, 2017 - link"The 799 model is not very usable...."
I am certain you have never used the core m powered SP 4 or you wouldnt have made this ridiculous assertion.
The Core M version is still faster than anything running in any version of the Ipad. It easily breezes through anything you can throw at it apart from GPU heavy tasks like heavy PC games. It handles the likes of photpshop with aplomb.
People tend to forget that the Core Ms are essentially the battery and heat optimized versions of their i series cousins, which means they are far ahead in actual computing capability than any ARM core, including the excellent AX series cores (not talking about meaningless cross platform geekbench scores).
The SP4 Core m is an excellent value for money proposition and blows the mobile os powered ipads out of the water in most respects. The claims that tablet mode on W10 is crappy as hell is more bs by people who havent recently used a capable W10 device.
blackcrayon - Thursday, June 8, 2017 - linkSo the marketing department had them "drop" the number of cores on a device they sold for ~2 years... In order to raise them for the next model? That makes so little sense that I hope you're joking.